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  • Judson King
  • The American Voter as a Lawmaker: An Examination of the Initiative and Referendum Elections of 1922 (Classic Reprint) 

    Dieser Artikel gilt, aufgrund seiner Grösse, beim Versand als 2 Artikel!

    Lieferstatus:   i.d.R. innert 5-10 Tagen versandfertig
    Veröffentlichung:  Juli 2015  
    Genre:  Geschichte / Politik / Kultur 
    ISBN:  9781331326571 
    Verlag:  Forgotten Books 
    Einband:  Kartoniert  
    Sprache:  English  
    Dimensionen:  H 229 mm / B 152 mm / D 1 mm 
    Gewicht:  51 gr 
    Seiten:  26 
    Zus. Info:  Paperback 
    Bewertung: Titel bewerten / Meinung schreiben
    Excerpt from The American Voter as a Lawmaker: An Examination of the Initiative and Referendum Elections of 1922 Whoever being a liberal, hopeful of progress; a conservative, frightened of radicalism; a political scientist, pondering the safety of democratic action; an expert, contemptuous of mass intelligence; a statesman, planning constructive reform; or a politician, scanning the horizon for votes, will do well to study the measures, and the vote thereon, submitted in the Initiative and Referendum states at the general election nine months ago. The fact that some 7,000,000 voters in 16 widely scattered states from Massachusetts to California actually legislated upon 135 statute laws and constitutional amendments, is an item not to be overlooked by a person desiring to know the real status of public opinion at this period. It is one thing to vote with a political party or for a popular candidate; is quite another to vote upon a concrete measure set down in specific black and white. Here the American voter is deprived of his favorite pastime of blaming some one else for his woes. He must face the consequences of his own legislative act. There is nothing like a vote upon a bond issue or a law to disclose actual public opinion. The 20 states which now have the Initiative and Referendum, in more or less workable forms, comprise one-third of the population and area of the United States. From 1904 to 1923, over 550 measures - an average of less than 5 to each state election - have been placed on the ballot by popular petitions, in addition to 442 measures submitted by the legislatures. Amazing as it may seem, no comprehensive survey of this greatest experiment in direct democracy the world has as yet seen, has been made, or at least been made public. It contains invaluable lessons for conservatives and progressives alike, especially for those who conceive high hopes for the safety of constructive democracy. This bulletin deals with the state-wide elections of 1922. Of the 135 measures submitted, 42 were proposed by Initiative petition, 62 by the state legislatures, and 31 were acts passed by the legislatures and "carried back," as the Swiss say, by Referendum petition to the voters for final decision. It is of interest to note that business men - chiefly Big Business men - initiated 12 measures and had 4 statutes referred. Of the 135 measures, the voters enacted 38 and rejected 97. Finally, on the 109 measures which clearly required a decision on matters of important public policy, the electors voted progressively 86 times, and conservatively 23 times. About the Publisher Forgotten Books publishes hundreds of thousands of rare and classic books. Find more at This book is a reproduction of an important historical work. Forgotten Books uses state-of-the-art technology to digitally reconstruct the work, preserving the original format whilst repairing imperfections present in the aged copy. In rare cases, an imperfection in the original, such as a blemish or missing page, may be replicated in our edition. We do, however, repair the vast majority of imperfections successfully; any imperfections that remain are intentionally left to preserve the state of such historical works.


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